From January 11 to 16, 2021, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi paid a goodwill visit to Myanmar, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines. The timing of Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to Southeast Asia is very important.
The year 2020 is the 10th China-ASEAN Strategic Partnership and the China-ASEAN Digital Economy Cooperation Year. It is also the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Myanmar, China and Indonesia, the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the Philippines, and the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China. At the same time, countries around the world have also experienced the severe impact of the new crown epidemic in 2020. The downward pressure on the economy has increased. The United States has vigorously promoted unilateralism, protectionism and hegemonism, and the international and regional faces more uncertainties.
In 2021, China and ASEAN will usher in the 30th anniversary of the establishment of dialogue partnership, the fifth anniversary of the Lancang-Mekong cooperation and the year of sustainable development cooperation, Brunei will be the chairman of ASEAN, Myanmar will be the coordinator of China-ASEAN relations, China and Myanmar He will also serve as the co-chair of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation. How to deal with the epidemic, develop the economy, maintain stability, and promote cooperation are the arduous tasks facing all countries in the world. Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to the four ASEAN countries at this time highlights China’s great importance and responsibility for strengthening cooperation with ASEAN. It also shows that China-ASEAN mutual trust and cooperation have reached a new height.
A sense of community with a shared future for mankind is more deeply rooted in people’s hearts
During Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit, Myanmar announced that it had reached a principled agreement with China on the specific text of the Action Plan for the Establishment of a China-Myanmar Community with a Shared Future. It will sign an agreement as soon as possible and decide to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Myanmar and the China-Myanmar Cultural Tourism Year The event is postponed to 2021, and we are willing to jointly promote the upgrading of China-ASEAN relations, build the China-ASEAN Blue Economic Partnership, and promote the “Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement” to take effect as soon as possible.
The Indonesian side expressed its willingness to further deepen the comprehensive strategic partnership, and suggested that it initiate consultations on the action plan with China and strive to reach an early agreement. Brunei announced the launch of an energy cooperation working group under the framework of the Intergovernmental Joint Committee with China, and will strengthen communication around the establishment of a maritime cooperation working group as soon as possible, and promised to “double 30 years” (the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Chinese and China-ASEAN dialogue relations) As an opportunity to jointly promote and enhance China-ASEAN relations.
Philippine President Duterte stated that the Philippine side will firmly maintain the overall friendship between the two countries and thank China for its strong support to the Philippines in fighting the epidemic. Philippine Foreign Minister Lochin praised the Philippines-China relationship as a mature relationship between two sovereign countries that treats each other as equals and is mutually beneficial, and is one of the most important bilateral relations in the Philippines.
The “Belt and Road” initiative won “likes” and support from regional countries
During Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit, he and Myanmar reached a consensus on the implementation of the five-year plan for the development of China-Myanmar economic and trade cooperation. The two sides expressed that they will accelerate the promotion of supporting projects and interconnection of the Kyaukphyu Special Economic Zone, Yangon New Town, and Border Economic Cooperation Zone. Continue to support the “Global Data Security Initiative”, jointly promote the construction of a China-ASEAN cybersecurity community, continue to strengthen anti-epidemic cooperation, deepen joint prevention and control, and improve necessary “fast channels” for personnel exchanges and “green channels” for cargo transportation.
The Indonesian side expressed its hope to continue to promote vaccine and traditional medicine production cooperation with China, establish a trade working group, and increase exports of agricultural products to China. At the same time, it also welcomes Chinese companies to expand investment in Indonesia and sign cooperation documents such as “Two Countries Double Parks” with China .
Brunei said that it is willing to focus on the two major themes of anti-epidemic and development, actively linking China ’s “2035 Vision” and Brunei’s “2035 Vision”, taking the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” as the guidance, from bilateral and multilateral Plan cooperation at all levels, promote the quality and upgrade of cooperation in various fields, and work with China to promote the early entry into force of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement.
Maintaining regional peace and stability in the South China Sea has further become a consensus
Regional peace and stability in the South China Sea do not allow for external interference. In the face of the United States’ intensified efforts to instigate international confrontation and interfere in South China Sea affairs in recent years, ASEAN countries have recently expressed their attitude once again. During Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit, Myanmar reiterated that it would work with China to advocate and practice the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, to stand firm against unilateralism and protectionism, and to jointly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of both sides and the national dignity of the country.
The Indonesian side expressed its gratitude to China for its strong support during its tenure as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. It is willing to strengthen the integration of the “Global Marine Pivot” and the “Belt and Road” initiative, and deepen its cooperation with China in the areas of navigation safety, environmental protection, maritime search and rescue Exchanges and cooperation, hope to maintain peace and stability in the South China Sea, make it a “sea of peace and stability”, and further strengthen exchanges with China in areas such as counter-terrorism, safeguarding women’s rights, peace and security, and global data security.
Brunei expressed its willingness to work with China to build a blue economic partnership and build a China-ASEAN cyber security community.
Philippine Foreign Minister Lochin expressed the hope that the Philippines and China will deepen mutual trust and jointly maintain regional peace and stability, and is willing to actively promote the consultation process on the “Code of Conduct in the South China Sea” with China to promote the stability of China-ASEAN relations and bring the comprehensive strategic cooperation between the two countries to a new level. . (Zhang Xuegang, deputy director, researcher, and doctoral supervisor of the Institute of Southeast Asia and Oceania, China Institute of Contemporary International Relations)
Source: China – ASEAN Business Council